Reactive Power Compensation using Plugged-in Electric Vehicles for an AC Power Grid 🗓

— sharing the knowledge and experience gained by the study of a utility relay mis-operation

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IEEE PES Chapter Meeting
Meeting Date: December 4, 2018
Time: 6:00 PM Networking & Food; 6:30 PM Presentation
Speaker: Reza Sabzehgar, Ph.D. of San Diego State University
Location: San Diego
Cost: none
RSVP: requested, through website

Event Details: IEEE vTools
Summary: In recent years, Plugged-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) have become more popular due to the growing interest in energy security and emission reduction. In addition to fulfilling these objectives, PEVs can play a crucial role in balancing the active power as well as compensating the reactive power of the smart power grid. These ancillary services provided by PEVs, not only help in improving the reliability and quality of the power, but also benefit the grid operators and PEV owners financially. In this talk, a PEV-based reactive power compensation and a novel phase-detector-based feedback control system is discussed. The effects of reactive power compensation on the battery’s State-Of-Charge (SOC) are investigated. Also, detailed analyses are carried out to assess the impacts of various components of a reactive power compensation circuit. Simulation results are provided to support the analysis and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

When determining relay settings, Protection Engineers use Isc data from short-circuit computer programs to obtain the current flowing through the system for various faults. The program can be directed to show the contribution of current by any element in the system and for any fault in the system. Mutually coupling data must be entered into the program for those lines installed close to each other to get the result of any coupling voltages and currents during fault conditions.

This presentation will explain the miss-operation of a mutually coupled 69 kV line to a 230kV line that occurred on December 23rd, 2013 in the San Diego Gas & Electric 230/ 69 kV system.

The actual misoperation was due to a wrong directional decision made by a microprocessor relay for a duration of 4ms before dropping out. By this time a trip and a transfer trip was given to the line, isolating it from the 69 kV systems.

This line was protected with Phase Distance and Ground Directional over-current primary relay and Phase and Ground Directional over-current back up relaying, on one terminal and with Phase and Ground Distance protection for the Primary relaying and Directional Phase and Ground over-current backup protection over Audio Tone communication channel. Settings for this line were done using our traditional 80-85 percent PUTT line reach with the traditional higher setting for the Instantaneous ground elements due to Mutual coupling.

The purpose of this presentation is to share with other Protection Engineers the knowledge and experience gained by the study of a utility relay misoperation and the solution used to fix this problem by introducing Negative Sequence Elements logic to increase security and sensitivity in the relay setting and also explains how to avoid future relay misoperations.

Bio: (first & last name) is specialized in several areas related to Electrical Engineering including power electronics, energy harvesting, renewable energies, control applications in sustainable energy systems, mechatronics, and electric/hybrid electric vehicles. Prior joining San Diego State University, he was a faculty member of School of Energy at British Columbia Institute of Technology and the School of Engineering Science at Simon Fraser University, Metro Vancouver, Canada, where he also received his Ph.D. degree and continued his research as a postdoctoral fellow.

Dr. Sabzehgar have taught courses/labs on Power Electronics, Electronics Circuits, Industrial Electronics, Industrial Control, Microelectronics, and Electro-Mechanical Sensors and Actuators. His current research is focused on power electronics converters with application to energy harvesting from renewable energy sources and smart grids. Dr. Sabzehgar have published several articles in high impact factor journals and high-quality conference proceedings in the above areas sponsored by Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

Dr. Sabzehgar served as vice-chair and chair of Power Electronics Chapter of IEEE Vancouver, Canada. He also served as referee for several journals and conferences such as IET Journal on Power Electronics, Elsevier Journal on Ocean Engineering, Journal of Development and Applications of Oceanic Engineering, American Control Conference, American Society of Mechanical Engineers Conferences, and Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering.